The water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a large, free-floating, tropical aquatic plant with attractive lavender flowers and shiny, bright green leaves on long petioles. It reproduces principally by vegetative means; daughter plants are produced by stolons that grow laterally below the water surface from the central rhizome, and the interconnected plants form enormous mats of vegetation. Propagation by seeds may contribute to the spread of water hyacinths and can be a potent source of re-infestation. Water hyacinth populations increase rapidly. Two parent plants produced 30 offspring after 23 days, and 1,200 at the end of four months. Some authors report weight gains of 4.8 per cent per day, and doubled every 11.2 to 15 days in a field observation. Standard densities of 300 to 442 tons per one hundred acres (10,000 sq. meters or 2.471 acres) have been found. In the tropics, a duplication of population in each seven days had an annual productivity of between 930 and 2,900 tons per one hundred acres. Water hyacinths grow most rapidly in water temperatures from 82° F to 86° F at a pH from 4.0 to 8.0. They cease to grow when water temperature is above 104° F or below 50° F, and the pH range for growth is between 4.0 and 10.0. With these characteristics, the water hyacinth has become a major ecological and economic problem in this century in the tropics and subtropics; yet, in these same regions, production of nutrients for human and animal consumption has become an even more serious problem than that caused by hyacinths obstructing river transportation by blocking waterways in some areas. It also blocks irrigation canals. The first step adopted for the solution of this problem was control by known methods.
Many years ago various kinds of herbicides such as 24-D, Dalapon, Diquat, and others were used in some places. The ecological problems created by these herbicides were obvious. The water could not be used for irrigation or human consumption for long periods of time, and the fauna in the eco-system were seriously affected. Biological control of the hyacinth was studied with several kinds of animal viruses, bacteria, and fungi, as well as with manatees, insects, herbivorous fish such as grass carp and tilapia, ducks, geese, turtles, snails, and other animals. However, the results were disappointing, because of defense mechanisms in the plants. For example, the larger plants form 2 – 3 more leaves for each one destroyed by biological attack. The last form of control attempted was mechanical destruction.
This was costly in time, money, and energy, and several of the procedures used damaged the ecology, affecting all animal life in the ponds infested by the hyacinth. However, negative features are only one aspect of the water hyacinth; there is another side to it. On many occasions it has been demonstrated that this weed is an excellent water defoliant for domestic water wastes. In studies where the ability of the water hyacinth to remove lead, cadmium, and mercury was tested, the plant removed approximately 65 per cent of lead, 50 per cent of cadmium, and 65 per cent of mercury from water polluted with 10 ppm of lead and 1 ppm of mercury and cadmium.
One hundred acres of water hyacinth plants is potentially capable of removing 353 lbs. of phenol per 177 acres from water polluted with this chemical. The results of several studies show that plants such as the water hyacinth use appreciable amounts of the inorganic forms of nitrogen and phosphorus found in domestic sewage. In so doing, they effect a significant reduction in the concentration of materials that are major contributors to the inorganic nutrient enrichment of natural waters.
Because inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus are accumulated to a large extent in the roots (roots represent 20 per cent of the wet weight of the plants), this quality signifies a second possible use for the water hyacinth as “compost,” or organic fertilizer. Water hyacinth compost (total plant), however, presents a problem because the fiber is not degraded. Water hyacinth root compost has nevertheless been used with good results as a propagation medium for house plants. These findings suggest the possibility of using the roots as organic fertilizer.
Water Hyacinth Furniture!
In the search for green and eco-friendly living, eco-friendly homes, and now eco-friendly furniture, a new type has emerged, water hyacinth furniture. Those of you who thought water hyacinth only spelled destruction, here’s some interesting news for you. This invasive plant is now used to create furniture of all types for home use. In this article, we will discuss an overview of this furniture type, and how it can be taken care of easily. Native to South America, the water hyacinth is a plant that grows at an immensely fast pace when removed from its natural habitat. In a water body, it can grow at a pace that starts blocking waterways and even killing fish. In order to stunt its growth, the water hyacinth is harvested and used for a variety of purposes. One of these uses is now the creation of gorgeous, elegant furniture. The leaves of the water hyacinth are dried and woven to create extraordinary furniture items. In appearance, this furniture resembles cane or wicker furniture but is much softer than both. Because the furniture made by water hyacinth does not require any extensive processing, it is termed as a green or eco-friendly material to be used within the home. It only requires a basic wooden frame around which the material is woven to create unique furniture items. Water hyacinth tables (dining, center, side, etc.), sofas, chairs, armchairs, and all other types of furniture are uniquely designed and manufactured to cater to customers with varied taste. It is soft, flexible, yet resilient, which is why a lot of people are now choosing this type of furniture for their homes. This quality makes it easy to mold into different furniture shapes and accessories too. Further, its appearance makes it a great choice for homes designed under the theme of tropical décor. It is light in its appearance, and those who like a minimalist look in terms of interior designing may use water hyacinth furniture in their homes. This furniture can also be used outdoors as patio furniture to make a brilliant style statement.
While a lot of manufacturers aim to retain the original golden shade of dried water hyacinth, a lot of manufacturers also stain the furniture to make it look darker and give it a rich, elegant appearance. Furniture of this type can also be custom-made based on your requirements, though the prices of such furniture will be higher than those of furniture pieces that are readily available. In any case, water hyacinth furniture is a new and interesting choice for all you home owners who are keen on redecorating. Care Instructions: If you have finally decided to go ahead and get yourself some beautiful water hyacinth furniture, you must know about some tips on maintaining it and keeping it clean. Fortunately, it does not require any heavy maintenance, as long as you do so on a regular basis.
If you have finally decided to go ahead and get yourself some exquisite furniture of this type, you must know about some tips on maintaining it and keeping it clean. Fortunately, it does not require any heavy maintenance, as long as you do so on a regular basis. Here are some quick tips to help you:
- The best way for cleaning is to run a vacuum over it regularly. This will keep away any dust that collects in the woven parts.
- Every once in a while, use a mild soap and water solution to give it a fresh glow. Make sure it dries thoroughly. You may also use a nylon brush to remove any stains.
- To maintain your investment, fabric patio furniture should be waterproofed after cleaning or seasonally (in the spring and again in the fall before it is stored for the winter).
- The best way to regularly clean this furniture is to run a vacuum over it regularly. This will keep away any dust that collects in the woven parts.
Although water hyacinth furniture can be used as an outdoor item, you must not let it be exposed to Ultraviolet rays of the sun for a very long period of time. This will affect the color and structure of your furniture. If you want to place it outdoors, it is best to put it under a shade tree or cover it from time to time. You can also invert the cushions periodically.
Always remember to keep the furniture dry. Though dried water hyacinth is a natural material and will absorb any moisture, it is important that the area it is kept in is ventilated. If it is moist for too long, it will lead to the growth of molds and pose a lot of health risks. Apart from that, the furnishings can weaken and lose its natural appeal.
As you can see, water hyacinth furniture is perhaps one of the best options you have if you are considering a home decorating or redecorating project. If you are someone who likes to keep your interiors minimal, light, and relatively easy to maintain, it is the best option for you. You can purchase these from online stores or from the various home and lifestyle outlets around you. Look for the best pieces available, and give your home a beautiful makeover!
Water Hyacinth – A Potential Fuel Source!
The biofuel method allows the hyacinth to remain in its wet environment, thus lending to an easier task for fuels production. Despite their damage to the environment, invasive species often grow unchecked, smothering the natural community with unbridled proliferation. Such is the case for the water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), an aquatic plant that has taken over waterways in North America, Asia, and Africa. The plant has plagued Lake Victoria, one of the hardest hit water bodies, since its introduction in the 1980s. Water hyacinth is a particularly successful invader because it can withstand great variations in salinity and temperature, allowing it to inhabit a variety of locations. Furthermore, it can reproduce asexually at an astounding rate. Though it quickly becomes invasive, the negative effects of the water hyacinth can be long lasting and irreparable.
AAAA Hyacinth Harvesting Anaerobic Digestion Plant!
Water hyacinth spreads across the surface of a water body, blocking light to species below. This creates a cascade of effects because decreased photosynthesis causes dissolved oxygen levels to decrease, harming other members of the ecosystem. Furthermore, the plant’s large biomass hinders boating, a problem that has been particularly devastating to the community of fishermen and boaters. Past methods to control the spread of the water hyacinth have yielded only temporary reductions in the plant population. Both bio control and herbicides have provided temporary relief from the water hyacinth, but these control methods are expensive, and they come with other environmental effects. As a result, they do not always garner support in the community, which makes their implementation less effective. Given the water hyacinth’s damage to both the environment and the surrounding community, how can we incentivize companies to implement water hyacinth control methods? In researching the most effective methods to eradicate the water hyacinth while appealing to the greater financial interests of the regions surrounding the Sacramento – San Joaquin River Delta has provided insight into this problem. A control method that contains the water hyacinth with an additional financial incentive for the community could create lasting environmental and financial benefits for the region, with containment methods that entail harvesting the plant then using its biomass to produce ethanol, which can then be burned for energy.
The process requires the plant to be fermented using various yeasts and enzymes in efficiently fermenting water hyacinth. This genetic modification will be the key to making the process a viable solution. Not only will fishermen be able to use the rivers, but the surrounding community will have an additional source of income. My research and method will hopefully evoke a conversation on this water born problem for the Sacramento– San Joaquin River Delta. We can use water hyacinths to produce ethanol and fuels to power the infrastructures of the Cities, while also creating jobs with furniture manufacturing. The world is badly in need of raw materials for biomass fuel that we can grow easily even in places that we don’t expect, the abundance of unwanted water hyacinths on the shores of local delta, rivers, and sloughs provides an opportunity for showcasing this much needed technology that recycles bio-waste into environment-friendly “green charcoal”, a compact solid fuel providing a good alternative to liquefied petroleum gas for cooking and possibly industry.
Green Charcoal Briquettes Made From Water Hyacinth Plants!
The production of green charcoal briquettes would only require the use of water hyacinths, leaves, twigs and branches of trees, trash such as paper, among others in making the technology work.
“The raw materials of leaves, twigs, and other wastes are compacted into briquettes. This would go far because of the technology, even generating employment to the poor and homeless.
The green charcoal process converts biodegradable waste and other organic materials into economic useful products like bio-fuel, thus reducing waste that needs to be disposed.
The process, however, requires the procurement of green charcoal processing machines rated at producing or converting large tonnage of water hyacinths into usable waste, we have the technology, but the politics is a concern, to work on the conversion of the water hyacinths, into bio-fuel.
The technology works by using our “Water Hyacinth Harvester” to scoop up, load onto our trucks, and placed in the sun to dry. We are currently searching for a producer of low-carbon renewable fuels in the Western United States, but have not received any replies to our numerous requests.
Michael Burton Sr.
AAAA Hyacinth Harvesting!